The Hanuman Chalisa Pdf is recited to seek Lord Hanuman’s blessings for overcoming obstacles.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 12 in English with Meaning & Analysis
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 12 A Brother Like Bharat
बहुत बड़ाई ।
तुम मम प्रिय
भरतहि सम भाई ॥
Tum mam priye
praises of you.
‘You are as dear to me
as my brother Bharat.’
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 12 Meaning in English
Ram is so thankful for Hanuman’s many interventions that enable him to succeed in his mission and so touched that Hanuman asks for nothing in return, except the pleasure of serving him, that he cannot stop himself from praising Hanuman and declaring that he is as dear to him as his brother, Bharat.
This comparison is significant. Bharat is the son of Kaikeyi, the second wife of Ram’s father Dashrath whose machinations led to Ram being forced into exile in the forest for fourteen years. Bharat refused the crown. He did not appreciate his mother’s ambitions and deceit.
He begged Ram to return to the palace, but Ram refused as he had given his word to his father that he would stay in the forest for fourteen years. So Bharat returned to Ayodhya, placed Ram’s footwear on the throne, and ruled the kingdom as Ram’s regent until his return.
By comparing Hanuman to Bharat Ram elevates the status of Hanuman from servant to family. This indicates a significant elevation of Hanuman’s status and his inclusion in Ram’s heart. One cannot help but wonder if this narrative elevation of Hanuman is not political, an attempt by wise men of society to bridge the inequality, without threatening the old system: a calculated counter-force of wisdom that keeps the default social force of hierarchy in check.
In Eknath’s Marathi Ramayana, when a childless Dashrath conducts a yagna for a son, he receives a magic potion from the heavens that he gives to his three wives who bear him four sons. A hawk grabs some of the potion and carries it to the jungle and puts it in Anjani’s mouth. The son she gives birth to may be a vanara, but he is very much a brother of Ram, Lakshman, Bharat and Shatrughan.
In a folk variant of the Ramayana, when Hanuman is flying with the mountain southwards towards Lanka he passes Ayodhya. Fearing he is a rakshasa who intends to drop the mountain over the city, Bharat strikes Hanuman with an arrow causing Hanuman to descend. A duel is averted when Bharat identifies himself as Ram’s regent and Hanuman reveals that he is Ram’s servant. Hanuman then proceeds to tell Bharat the tragedy that has befallen Ram and how Ram is fighting Ravana to rescue his wife, Sita.
The narration takes a long time. Hanuman suddenly realizes that the sun will soon rise and he is far away from Lanka. He fears he will not reach on time. So Bharat tells Hanuman to sit on his arrow, mountain in hand. He then fires the arrow, thinking of Ram, and the arrow takes Hanuman to Lanka in a fraction of a second, just in time to save Lakshman’s life. Thus Bharat and Hanuman collaborate to save Lakshman and make Ram happy. Hanuman is thus included in the royal family of Ayodhya.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 12 Analysis in English
Raghupati kinhi bahut barai
tuma mama priya bharatahi sama bhai ||12||
The descendent of Raghu dynasty praised you,
‘You are as dear to Me as My brother, Bharat’. (12)
Ayodhya was decorated with great pomp during Hema’s swayamvara ceremony, the daughter of Kusha, and granddaughter of Rama. Rama’s joy knew no bounds seeing his granddaughter about to get married. But calamity struck in the form of a prince named Chitragandha, the son of King Ugrabahu, the king of Avanti. Chitragandha kidnapped the bride right in front of a full assembly by releasing a Mohanastra that mesmerized everyone into a temporary swoon.
Even before anyone had the chance to gather their wits together, Chitragandha had disappeared. On coming back to their senses, the most powerful warriors of Lord Rama’s army were in hot pursuit of Chitragandha. With great zeal, the young prince routed the entire Ayodhyan army. Using the Vayavastra, he created a tornado effect and soon hundreds of soldiers were flying in air and thrown across the battlefield. Seeing the army in disarray, Lava stepped in to be at the helm of affairs.
Just about the same time, King Ugrabahu too made his entry. The fight went to another level with that. By the power of his mighty arrows, Ugrabahu rendered Lava weaponless and very soon Lava was left unconscious on the battleground. With Lava unconscious, the entire Ayodhyan army broke into panic mode, unsure of their next move.
Kusha stepped in and took control of the situation. Within a short time, both rogue father and son were held captive. Next, Kusha turned his attention to his unconscious brother. The matter was escalated to Lord Rama who in a surprise move freed his friend Ugrabahu from captivity and embraced him warmly. To reward Kusha for his bravery, Rama offered him a celestial bracelet that was gifted to him by Agastya Muni. Kusha was very pleased to receive that gift from his father.
As soon as he wore that bracelet, his effulgence increased manifold. Immediately Kusha wanted to know more about the source of the bracelet. Agastya Muni who happened to be there too, explained that he received that bracelet from Varuna, the ocean god, in return for a favour he had offered. Long time ago, a horde of demons had taken shelter on the ocean bed.
No matter how much Indra tried to locate them, they remained untraceable in the vast expanse of the ocean. But when Agastya Muni drank up the entire ocean water, they were exposed and eventually slaughtered by the gods. Agastya returned the waters of the ocean through another channel and thus the ocean was restored. As a token of gratitude, the ocean god offered the sage this priceless bracelet as a gift. Agastya gifted it to Rama and Rama in turn gifted it to Kusha as a mark of appreciation for his valour.
But the question regarding the revival of Lava remained. Agastya Muni immediately suggested that Hanuman be sent to procure the mrta-sanjivani herb from the ashram of Mudgal Rishi. When Hanuman expressed his surprise at the availability of the herb in such close proximity, Agastya explained that when Garuda was carrying the celestial nectar, a few drops had fallen which resulted in the growth of the magical herb there too. Soon Hanuman returned with the mrta-sanjivani herbs, which he had learned by now to recognize very well.
As soon as the herbs arrived, Lava woke up from his unconscious state. Rama was so thankful to Hanuman for helping revive Lava that he offered him another bracelet as a token of appreciation. Glorifying Hanuman as if he had numerous mouths, Rama embraced him.
He declared to the world that the one and only solution he always had for any crisis was Hanuman. Lord of the Raghu dynasty derived great pleasure in glorifying Hanuman. raghupati klnhibahut barau Just before the war in Lanka, Rama had a grave discussion with the monkey army.
This was immediately after accepting Vibhishan into their folds. He revealed to them that if anyone came with the thought of surrendering his life in service to Rama, Rama would immediately accept him without any consideration of qualification or disqualification.
Even if Ravana came, he would give him shelter, overlooking all his misdeeds. The monkeys were really impressed with Rama’s mood of compassion and acceptance. They realized in hindsight, that anyone who had taken Rama’s shelter had gained a kingdom. Sugriva took shelter, he gained Kishkinda. Bharata took shelter, he gained Ayodhya. Vibhishan took shelter, he gained Lanka even before the war began.
But alas, now that Rama had offered the sovereignty of Lanka to Vibhishan, what would he do if Ravana took shelter of him at this point? Rama’s instant reply was that he would make him the king of Ayodhya. Then what about Bharata, the monkeys inquired. Rama said that he would make Bharata the king of Vaikuntha. Then what about Rama himself, the monkeys questioned.
Rama said, “I will move around the three kingdoms, Ayodhya, Lanka, and Vaikuntha and serve all of them.” At that point, Rama’s attention turned towards Hanuman. Hanuman had been one of the most surrendered souls and yet he had been deprived of a position or kingdom. Feeling really sorry about that, Rama asked Hanuman, “O’ Hanuman, everyone who took shelter of me has received a kingdom from me, but I haven’t been able to give you a suitable gift.
All those who have achieved the fortune, have achieved it due to your grace and yet you yourself haven’t received anything. I really wish to bless you and earnestly fulfil your desires.” Hanuman smiled broadly. What was the secret behind that smile?
He confided to Rama that while others whom he favoured had gained kingship over only one kingdom, he had gained kingship over two kingdoms. Rama was pleasantly surprised to hear that and so were all the monkeys. How did Hanuman manage to gain kingship over not one but two kingdoms without anyone being aware of it?
When asked by Rama which two kingdoms did he have sovereignty over, Hanuman bent low and touched his head at Lord Rama’s two lotus feet and declared that he was fortunate enough to have received kingship over these two kingdoms. Hanuman considered Lord Rama’s lotus feet to be supreme treasures and everything else including material kingdoms to be insignificant and worthless pursuits.
For him, these two treasures were worth more than one worthless kingdom. Rama was so elated with Hanuman’s loving reply that he embraced him with great love and appreciated his dedication and service attitude, raghupati kinhi bahut barai One time, Rama was so pleased with Hanuman’s service that he spontaneously declared that he loved Hanuman twice as much as Lakshmana.
Immediately after saying that, he became thoughtful and asked Hanuman how he felt about that comment. Was Hanuman happy hearing that? Hanuman replied with a smile that his comment simply meant that Lakshmana was dearer to him than anyone else in the world.
Rama was surprised. How could that be? He had explicitly declared that Hanuman was twice as much dearer to him than Lakshmana. That being the case, how could it mean that it was Lakshmana who was dearer to him than anyone else?
Hanuman clarified that in common parlance, great love is expressed by saying that “I love you more than my life.” But Rama did not say that but instead told Hanuman that he loved him more than Lakshmana. Logically this meant that for Rama Lakshmana was his life. Because Rama considered Lakshmana to be his very life, he compared Hanuman to him. In this way Hanuman concluded that Rama loved Lakshmana more than him because Lakshmana was a more integral part of him like life itself.
Rama was very impressed with Hanuman’s keen sense of logic and his deep observation of psychology. Now that Hanuman had shared his thoughts on his comment, he turned to Lakshmana to find out what his thoughts were.
Rama was sure that the possessive Lakshmana would have felt bad that Rama loved Hanuman twice as much as him. Lakshmana surprised Rama by saying that he totally agreed with Rama. Hanuman was indeed twice better than him. When Rama asked for an explanation, Lakshmana gave two logical reasons to substantiate his conclusion.
The first explanation Lakshmana gave to substantiate how Hanuman was much better than him was with regards to Mother Sita. He explained that he knew Sita for 25 years but in spite of knowing her for so long he had not managed to gain her trust.
In fact, she doubted his intentions even after such a long relationship. But Hanuman hardly knew her for a few minutes yet he managed to gain her complete trust and faith. What Lakshmana could not do in 25 years, Hanuman had managed to do in just a few minutes and thus was far better than Lakshmana.
The second explanation Lakshmana gave to validate his point was much deeper from the perspective of his eternal role in his service to the Lord. The eternal role of Lakshmana in his spiritual capacity was as Anantashesha, the divine snake bed of Lord Vishnu. As Anantashesha, his service was carrying Lord Vishnu on his back. But Hanuman not only carried Rama on his back but also carried Lakshmana along. Thus Hanuman was twice better than Lakshmana even from the point of view of the amount of service he renders.
Rama was even more impressed with Lakshmana’s explanation. These two great personalities, instead of feeling insecure, had the humility and maturity to focus on the good qualities of the other and not on their own greatness. This is what really attracted Rama to both Hanuman and Lakshmana. Though Hanuman wasn’t born in Suryavanshi family, he had become such an integral part of Lord Rama’s family that he was literally inseparable. Rama considered him as one of his brothers.
Though Rama compared Lakshmana to Hanuman, he also said that he was like Bharata for him. It’s interesting to understand why Rama mentions Bharata and not Lakshmana. Simply because although Lakshmana was physically near Rama all the time, Bharata was on Rama’s mind all the time. Since Bharata was serving from a distance, he occupied Rama’s mind even more than Lakshmana.
Both the brothers loved Rama dearly and Rama loved both of them dearly. But even then Bharata was the one who had to go through so much insult, misunderstanding, pain, separation, and thus drew out the deepest possible love from Rama’s heart. So when Rama declared Hanuman as his brother, he declared him to be his brother equivalent to Bharata.
He was as dear a brother to him as Bharata. tuma mama priya bharatahi sama bhai One fine day, Rama and the three brothers were walking along with their fifth brother Hanuman in the gardens of Ayodhya. After a long walk, Rama felt tired and decided to rest in the garden itself under the shade of a huge tree.
As soon as Rama expressed his desire, everyone looked towards Hanuman expecting him to make necessary arrangements for Rama’s comforts. But Hanuman turned around and kept looking at the sky. With Hanuman so unresponsive, Lakshmana himself spread a sheet for Rama on the grass and sat near his head, gently placing it on his lap. Then Bharata looked at Hanuman expecting him to take some action at least now. But Hanuman seemed indifferent to what was going on.
He was busy watching the birds and smiling to himself. Bharata immediately sat at the feet of Rama, placing his lotus feet on his thighs, to massage them gently. Then Shatrughana turned towards Hanuman expecting him to render some service. But Hanuman was still too busy, playing as he was with the squirrels now. Shatrughana sat down and began to massage Rama’s arms.
As soon as the three brothers got busy in different services to Rama, Hanuman immediately ran only to return in a short while with a peacock fan. With great enthusiasm, he used it to fan all the four brothers. The cool refreshing breeze brought great comfort to all four.
That is when the brothers understood Hanuman’s mood and intention. His mood was that why should he render service to Rama alone when he could grab the opportunity to render service to all four brothers whom he revered. No wonder Rama considered him as dear as his loving brothers! tuma mama priya bharatahi sama bhai.