Hanuman Chalisa Pdf is composed of 40 verses that extol the virtues of Lord Hanuman.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 3 in English with Meaning & Analysis
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 3 Thunder Body, Lighrning Mind
बिक्रम बजरंगी ।
सुमति के संगी ॥
sumati ke sangi.
valiant, with Lightning body.
Who drives away bad thoughts
and is always accompanied by good thoughts.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 3 Meaning in English
Having explained his origins and role, this verse presents the qualities of Hanuman that make him worthy of worship. Most villages in India worship a vira, or hero, who protects the village. Hanuman is identified as Maha-vira, or Mahabir, who also protects the mind. Hanuman not only vanquishes physical demons like rakshasas and asuras, but also psychological demons such as negative thoughts (kumati) and ushers in positive thoughts (sumati).
Hanuman stands on the frontier between the wilderness and the settlement, between the animal and the human world, and has the power to turn the negative into positive, poison into medicine. This is why in temples Hanuman is often offered special Arka (Calotropis indica, Bowstring Hemp, Giant Milkweed) leaves and flowers, which grow wild in the forest and are poisonous. This ‘negative’ offering becomes positive after contact with his body.
Hanuman’s status as a special kind of hero is reaffirmed by being called vikram, which is both a common noun meaning valiant and a proper noun referring to a legendary king, Vikramaditya, king of, who was renowned for his worldly wisdom.
There is a famous Sanskrit work known as Vetala Pachisi, which tells twenty-five tales in which Vikramaditya takes difficult decisions. These questions are posed by a ghost, or vetala, feared by all mortals, but not the brave king of Ujjain. Hanuman is like this legendary king, brave enough to face ghosts, and wise enough to solve complex puzzles.
Hanuman is also being addressed as Bajrangi, which means one who possesses a body (anga) that is as powerful and radiant as the thunderbolt (vajra). In Hindu mythology, vajra is the weapon of Indra, the sky god who hurls thunderbolts against dark monsoon clouds to release rain. Indra once hurled this weapon at Hanuman and instead of being hurt by it, Hanuman simply absorbed and qualities of Hanuman that make him worthy of worship.
Most villages in India worship a vira, or hero, who protects the village. Hanuman is identified as Maha-vira, or Mahabir, who also protects the mind. Hanuman not only vanquishes physical demons like rakshasas and asuras, but also psychological demons such as negative thoughts (kumati) and ushers in positive thoughts (sumati).
Hanuman stands on the fronticr between the wilderness and the settlement, between the animal and the human world, and has the power to turn the negative into positive, poison into medicine. This is why in temples Hanuman is often offered special Arka (Calotropis indica, Bowstring Hemp, Giant Milkweed) leaves and flowers, which grow wild in the forest and are poisonous. This ‘negative’ offering becomes positive after contact with his body.
Hanuman’s status as a special kind of hero is reaffirmed by being called vikram, which is both a common noun meaning valiant and a proper noun referring to a legendary king, Vikramaditya, is a famous Sanskrit work known as Vetala Pachisi, which tells twenty-five tales in which Vikramaditya takes difficult decisions. These questions are posed by a ghost, or vetala, feared by all mortals, but not the brave king of Ujjain. Hanuman is like this legendary king, brave enough to face ghosts, and wise enough to solve complex puzzles.
Hanuman is also being addressed as Bajrangi, which means one who possesses a body (anga) that is as powerful and radiant as the thunderbolt (vajra). In Hindu mythology, vajra is the weapon of Indra, the sky god who hurls thunderbolts against dark monsoon clouds to release rain. Indra once hurled this weapon at Hanuman and instead of being hurt by it, Hanuman simply absorbed and internalized his power. Hence he is also called Vajra-angi, one whose body is as powerful as a thunderbolt.
In Buddhist mythology, vajra refers to thunderbolt and diamond, and is a metaphor of incisive analytical abilities. Vajrapani is a guardian of the Buddha and a fearsome deity who strikes the ignorant down and grants the wise incisive, analytical abilities. He is visualized trampling the enemies of the Buddha and holding a vajra in his hand, much as Hanuman tramples demons and holds a mace in his hand, suggesting the overlapping roots of these two deities.
Vedic Hinduism, based on worldliness, thrived over three thousand years ago, but it was over shadowed, two thousand years ago, by Buddhism that valued other-worldliness. In order to spread, both Hinduism and Buddhism assimilated with folk beliefs and to stay relevant, both exchanged ideas. As a result both transformed-Vedic Hinduism became Puranic Hinduism, while Buddhism split into Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism. Vedic Hinduism worshipped the vajra-wielding Indra who was assimilated with Vishnu of the Puranic tradition.
The historical teacher, Sakyamuni Buddha, of Theravada Buddhism made room for mythological saviours known as Bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism. When Islam came to India, Buddhism waned out of mainstream, but many Buddhist ideas and icons survived and were absorbed into the mainstream. Hanuman reflects many Buddhist ideals-he has no desires like the Buddha, yet he helps people by solving their problems like the Bodhisattva, and his form mirrors the form of the Buddhist guardian-god Vajrapani.
In pre-Buddhist, even pre-Vedic, times, it has been postulated that the blood of enemies and wild animals was offered to the village guardian-god by the warriors who defended the village frontier. Red became the colour of valour and fertility. Later, as the doctrine of ahimsa (non-violence) gained ground, blood was represented symbolically using sindoor (vermillion).
Even later, the red colour was replaced by saffron colour, indicating celibacy and continence, a rejection of all things sensory. Buddhist monks were the first to use saffron, ochre, maroon and red robes to distinguish themselves from the robes of common folk, but eventually these colours were adopted by Hindu monks and saffron has now become the colour of choice of political Hinduism. Hanuman’s orange-red body is often covered with silver and gold foil representing his Lightning-like body.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 3 Analysis in English
mahavira vikrama bajarangi
kumati nivara sumati ke sangin || 3 ||
Mighty hero, bestowed with courage,
strong as a thunderbolt,
Dispeller of evil thoughts and
companion of the good. (3)
Mahavir. Courage or bravery is not just an external exhibition but more importantly, an internal strength. Whilst most people extend the title of bravery to those who exhibit great heroism on the battlefield, the Vedic scriptures give more importance to those who exhibit bravery in the battle of life. Often it takes greater courage to show bravery in life than on the battlefield.
Thus Hanuman is considered as Mahavir not just because he won many external battles, but because he was a hero in the internal battles of life. One who shows exceptional heroism in a battle is known as Ranveer. One who has the courage to forgive others by exhibiting great compassion is known as Dayaveer. The courage to give away in charity makes one Danaveer. The courage to stay on the path of righteousness in spite of great obstacles makes one Dharmaveer.
And one with the courage to renounce attachments is known as Tyagaveer. Each of these subtypes of heroism requires great courage and resolve. Even possessing one of these types of courage is appreciated and worshipped by the world. Then what of one who is simultaneously Ranveer, Dayaveer, Danaveer, Dharmaveer, and Tyagaveer; he is celebrated as Mahavir.
When Hanuman was in Lanka, he fought against the entire Lankan army single-handedly. Ravana sent hordes of demons to eliminate Hanuman. But none of them returned alive. He sent some of his best men including heroes like Jambumali and his own son Akshay Kumar. But all of them ended up in the grave. It takes great.
Courage and self-confidence to stand up against an entire army alone and that too in their own country without any allies. Hanuman was the greatest Ranveer in history. And he fought not for any personal gains but to help others. You will never find a single story of Hanuman where he fought for himself.
Hanuman lived a life of compassion, dedicating himself to serve others through their difficulties. He was an ideal Dayaveer who lived a life of compassion. Even today when we find ourselves hopeless and lost, we turn to Hanuman knowing very well that his compassion is all encompassing and endless. There are many charitable people in this world. But they only give a fragment of their wealth in charity. But one who donates himself is the greatest Danaveer.
Hanuman gives himself completely to those who touch his heart by sincerity. Once Hanuman came to the decision that Rama was worth surrendering to, he surrendered completely to Lord Rama, in his mind, body, and words.
Whilst the monkey army was having a discussion about who was going to cross the 800-mile-long ocean, Angad claimed that he could easily cross the ocean and reach Lanka but he wasn’t sure if he would return. Angad knew about the fatal attractions and temptations in Lanka. He also knew his own limitations and weaknesses in self-control.
He doubted if he could resist the temptations in Lanka and come back. Whereas Hanuman not only crossed the 800-mile ocean to reach Lanka but also crossed the ocean of temptations that lay inside Lanka. He was a real Dharmaveer who had the courage to stay on the path of dharma despite great temptations lurking as obstacles to deviate one’s focus from higher goals of life.
For a person who is capable, talented, intelligent, and powerful, the greatest challenge is in accepting a subordinate position. For someone who is an expert, fame and adulation – follow automatically. There cannot be a greater intoxication than fame.
To renounce that fame requires immense inner strength. Giving up other attachments is easy, but only a Tyagaveer can give up attachment to fame. Hanuman was the most powerful and capable person of his era, but he renounced his attachment to fame and followership in order to remain a lifelong follower of Lord Rama.
Hanuman is Mahavir indeed! mahavlra vikrama bajarangi When Hanuman was a small child, he was powerful but naughty. His energy was not channelized in the right direction. Thus he would use all his intelligence in playing pranks and having fun at the expense of others. He harassed sages who were soft targets for his mischief.
Out of great compassion, one harassed sage cursed Hanuman to forget all his strength till he was reminded about them. From that moment, till Rama walked into his life, Hanuman lived a life of ordinariness. Once Rama entered his life, a sense of direction and purpose also found entry.
Having found his calling, Hanuman lived life king size but maintained a heart filled with humility. Every single action of Hanuman’s was immensely inspiring and impossible to imitate. In every power packed action, there was an element of selflessness and a desire to serve.
Whether it was crossing the ocean in one single leap or advising Ravana in his own court or burning the entire city of Lanka or fetching the entire mountain to save Lakshmana. In every action there ,was heroic sacrifice triggered by selflessness.
The word vikram means the one whose actions are mighty. Often, when one is powerful, one tends to become insensitive and self-absorbed. Yes, Hanuman was vikram but always sensitive and selfless.
When Hanuman was an infant, his parents conducted the first grain ceremony. The moment Hanuman ate the first few grains, his appetite got activated. Mother fed him all possible fruits, but nothing could satisfy his hunger. Finally, not wanting to trouble her, Hanuman stopped demanding. But the hunger pangs did not subside, causing a lot of distress to him. One day, as he was tossing and turning in hunger, Narada Muni appeared and offered him some fruits.
Even that wasn’t enough to satisfy the intense fire in his stomach. Finally, Narada Muni pointed out to the sun. Mistaking the sun to be a big fruit, Hanuman jumped towards it in one leap. Panicking at the sight of a baby monkey zooming towards the sun, the planets began to shift their orbits to stay out of his path.
Shukra, Buddha, and Brihaspati planets stepped aside and their sudden change in position caused tremendous disturbance on earth since these planets influence astrological calculations that affect people’s lives. When sun god Surya noticed the incoming little bundle of disaster, he yelled out to his friends, Kaal, Varuna, and Agni to protect him. Kaal
(destiny or time) was the first to arrive and attack Hanuman. An intense battle ensued. Kaal expanded himself to a huge size and Hanuman instantly matched it by expanding himself. Then Hanuman challenged Kaal. He said expanding is easily done by anyone but shrinking only the great can do. And Hanuman began to shrink himself to a minute particle size.
Kaal fell for the ego trap and shrunk himself much more than Hanuman. Hanuman then bounced back to his original size and captured Kaal in his fist. He let Kaal go only when he begged him and promised not to interfere in his matters.
Then came Agni’s fiery attack, which could do no harm to the little monkey. Unable to cause any damage, Agni realized that this was none other than a Rudra avatar. He stepped aside only to be replaced with the ice-cold missiles of Varuna. None of them could harm or even disturb Hanuman’s progress towards the sun.
Kaal, Agni, and Varuna accepted defeat and departed with their heads hung low. Narada Muni smiled from a little distance away. He was happy to see the gods’ egos thwarted as they had earlier been making fun of this monkey incarnation of Rudra.
Finally, Hanuman was just inches away from the sun when he saw Rahu approaching it from another direction. Now there were two contenders rushing to swallow the sun. The sun was trapped and fearful. Defeating Rahu with ease, Hanuman menacingly proceeded towards the sun. The sun god, as a last resort, tried to warn Hanuman of the dire consequences of coming closer to him. When Hanuman ignored his warnings, he turned on his heat. The heat became so fiery that the entire universe began to perspire.
The residents of earth had no clue why it was suddenly intolerably hot now. Unable to bear the hunger pangs anymore, Hanuman grabbed the sun and gobbled it up. The moment the sun disappeared into the mouth of Hanuman, utter darkness prevailed. The intense heat was replaced with freezing cold.
While this was going on way up in space, back on earth, Ravana under the guidance of Shukracharya, was performing a sacred ceremony that would make him invincible and undefeatable. The completion of the sacrifice had to be timed in such a way that it coincided with the solar eclipse. For years, the guru and disciple had planned this meticulously and strived to carry out every aspect of the elaborate sacrifice to perfection.
Just as it was time for the solar eclipse and the time for completion of the sacrifice, the sun suddenly disappeared, much to their dismay. Thus the solar eclipse didn’t happen as scheduled and the sacrifice got completed in its absence. Thus the evil plan of Ravana was thwarted unceremoniously.
Just as the whole world was reeling in darkness, Indra appeared on the scene to rescue the sun considering it to be in the purview of his universal responsibilities to ensure that the sun continues to shine offering its heat and light unabated in its orbit. He was mounted on his celebrated elephant carrier, Airavata.
Indra lost his head seeing the audacity of little monkey whose mouth was swollen with the sun inside. In his fury, he threw his thunderbolt weapon straight at Hanuman’s face. The thunderbolt hit Hanuman squarely on his chin and cracked his jaw. The hit was so intense that Hanuman was pushed backward and fell over unconscious. His mouth opened involuntarily and the sun escaped. Light was restored in the universe … but something worse had happened. There was no air to breathe!
Hanuman’s injury alerted his father Vayu who caught his falling son and took him into the safety of a cave. Seething in anger at the unjustified attack on his son, he withdrew all air from the world and soon everyone was struggling to breathe.
To appease him, all gods headed by Lord Brahma appeared before Vayu and begged forgiveness for his wounded son. They revived the child and conferred upon the child infinite benedictions that made the child powerful, undefeatable, and literally immortal. They offered him immunity from fire, super intelligence, a healing touch and much more.
Another boon granted was that his body would become as robust as Indra’s thunderbolt, thus giving him the name Bajarangi that literally meant one whose body is robust like a thunderbolt. mahdvJra vikrama bajarangi. The side on which Hanuman stands never loses. And he always stands firmly on the platform of righteousness. Because he is always on the side of dharma, dharma always is on his side. In his presence, the saintly rejoice and the demonic shudder.
Often, we are surrounded by at least one person that throws negativity and toxicity into our lives. For Sugriva, that person was Vali. Fortunately for Sugriva, Hanuman walked into his life without an invitation. Surya, the sun god, who eventually became Hanuman’s guru, sent him to protect and guide Sugriva out of the mess that he was stuck in. Every single day Vali kicked his brother on his head 12 times. Though Sugriva was living in a mountain named Rishimukha on which Vali could not set his foot, due to a curse heaped by
Sage Matanga, Vali still managed to attack him through the aerial route without stepping on the mountain. For performing his gayatri, Vali had to jump across to reach the four oceans three times a day. Every time he jumped, he would pass over the Rishimukha Mountain and deliver a kick on his helpless brother’s head before proceeding to his next destination.
As soon as Hanuman walked into Sugriva’s life, the equation changed. Next time Vali attempted to kick Sugriva on his head, Hanuman caught hold of his feet mid-air. He pulled Vali’s feet down in an attempt to make him touch the mountain, which would immediately bring into force Matanga Rishi’s curse and end the tyranny of Vali for good.
Vali sensing the plan, pleaded and begged Hanuman to let him free, promising to never trouble Sugriva again. Vali leamt an unforgettable lesson and Sugriva experienced relief from pain. He expressed his gratitude towards his newly found protector-cum-guide. Thus, from the moment Hanuman made an entry in Ramayana, he declared to destroy those who support adharma with an evil mind while he stood by those who harbour positive uplifting dharmic thoughts.
Thus he is considered destroyer of evil and companion of the good, kumati nivara sumati ke sangin ordinary monkey. When Hanuman revealed himself, he showed Bhima his awesome form (virat-swarup), making Bhima realize the insignificance of his physical strength and social position.
A king uses his power to serve people and create an ecosystem where people can outgrow hunger and fear. When a king uses his power to dominate those around him, it reveals the king has not outgrown his hunger and fear; he is not yet Ram. Likewise, a king’s agent uses his power to serve his master. When a king’s agent uses his power to dominate those around him, it reveals he has not outgrown his hunger and fear; he is not yet Hanuman.