The Hanuman Chalisa Pdf is a revered devotional hymn dedicated to Lord Hanuman.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 30 in English with Meaning & Analysis
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 30 In China
के तुम रखवारे।
राम दुलारे ॥
ke tum rakhware
Sages and saints
are protected by you.
You who destroy demons
are much loved by Ram.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 30 Meaning in English
Over 1,500 years ago, many pilgrims from China came to India seeking original Buddhist manuscripts. During their travels here they came upon stories of Hanuman which they carried back with them. These stories mingled with ancient Taoist stories of an incredible white monkey who had miraculous strength and powers. And so, in Chinese literature we find a Chinese version of Hanuman, one who travels with a Chinese monk, Hsuan Tsang, in his perilous journey through the west (India). His name is Sun Wukong.
And he does precisely what this verse states: protects sages and destroys demons. Coincidentally, the famous Chinese novel describing this monkey-king’s feats was written in China around the same time the Hanuman Chalisa was written in India. Born from a rock that was touched by the wind, Sun Wukong is incredibly strong and fast and had powers to change his form, just like Hanuman. Unlike Hanuman, he makes himself king of all the monkeys by displaying his incredible powers and strength.
In Sun Wukong’s hand he has a special magical staff, much like Hanuman’s mace, but while the monkey-king’s staff is an important aspect of his personality and plays a key role in his adventures, Hanuman’s mace has only symbolic value in Hindu iconography. It is entirely possible that originally Hanuman was shown holding the trunk or branch of a tree as a weapon which eventually metamorphosed into the mace (malla, or gada, in Sanskrit) used by bodybuilders and wrestlers.
Like Hanuman, the monkey-king did not know his strength; his unruly wild side needed to be contained. So in the Ramayana Hanuman was cursed to forget his powers until the time was right, while in the Chinese novel, after the Jade Emperor of Heaven was unable to stop him from consuming the Peaches of Immortality, the heavenly Adi Buddha intervened, to humble him.
The Buddha asked the arrogant monkey to find the edge of the world. Sun Wukong found it and boasted that he had made a mark on one of the five pillars that stand at the edge of the world. ‘Is this the mark?’ asked the Buddha, showing him one of his fingers. On seeing it, Sun Wukong realized that what he thought was the whole world was just the palm of the Buddha’s hand.
The humbled monkey was given the task of helping Hsuan Tsang retrieve sacred Buddhist texts from the west in exchange for freedom. But to control this mischievous rake, the Bodhisattva Guanyin got Hsuan Tsang to trick the monkey-king into wearing a headband.
The monk could constrict the headband, and the resulting headache would rein in the monkey-king whenever he got too unruly. This taming of the monkey theme is not found in the Ramayana. Hanuman voluntarily submits to Ram, and venerates his divinity. Ram neither seeks Hanuman’s submission nor does he display his own divinity.
After many adventures, one of which involved defeating a demon who had abducted a princess and reuniting her with her beloved, the pilgrim returned to China, his mission successful, thanks to the help of the monkey-king. The monkey-king Sun Wukong was rewarded with Buddhahood and revered by all as the ‘Victorious Fighting Buddha,’ an important character in Chinese Buddhism.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 30 Analysis in English
sadhu santa ke tuma rakhavare
asura nikandana rama dulare ||30||
You protect the ascetics and saintly people
You destroy demons and are dear to Rama. (30)
From the time Hanuman was a small baby, he had a special affinity and fascination for saints and rishis. He loved their compassionate faces and their busy activities. That’s why he always hung around them and in all his innocence, even troubled them by pulling their beards and jumping on their laps in the middle of yagyas. Even when the sadhus complained to mother Anjana about his disruptive behaviour, she never stopped Hanuman from going there because she wanted him to have as much saintly association as possible. Later on, when he realized his powers, he never lost any opportunity to protect them.
When it came to demons, Hanuman was as good as their death call. In fact after Hanuman freed Yamaraj from the bondage of Ravana in Lanka, he gave him a boon. He said to Hanuman, “During the battle, whenever you look at any demon, I will straightaway take away his life.” Sage Angirasa belonged to a group of sages called Saptarishis, the most exalted rishis in the world.
So when he experienced his body burning like fire, he had no idea why. He had never experienced anything this before. His eyes were blazing. His head was boiling like hot water. His limbs were trembling with intense heat. His full body was burning like hot charcoal. Normally, ordinary illnesses and sufferings had no effect on him. His powerful mind could safeguard his body from any physical attack. But this was a totally different experience.
Unable to solve the mystery, he approached Mother Lakshmi for advice. Here’s what she said, “Sage Angirasa, the reason your body is burning is because of the sin you have committed. And that is why you are suffering.” “The sage was aghast to hear this from the goddess. He was a Brahmarishi. Committing a sin was impossible, he thought. What sin have 1 committed?” he asked her. “Your sin is,” the goddess said, revealing the mystery to him, “that you have done injustice to Shukracharya and been partial to your own son Brihaspati.”
Angirasa had recently appointed his son Brihaspati as the guru of the demigods. Although Shukra was coveting that post for himself, Sage Angirasa thought otherwise. When Brihaspati was declared the guru, Shukracharya vowed to take revenge. He appointed himself as the guru of the demons. The demons and the demigods were always engaged in battle and Shukra was determined to extract revenge by helping the demons win over the gods.
“Because you favoured your son, it went against you,” explained Goddess Lakshmi. Sage Angirasa was devastated. He asked the goddess for a solution to stop the burning. The goddess said, “Take shelter of Hanuman. Hear from him stories of ashta siddhis. Hearing it will gradually reduce your sin and soon you will become free of it.”
Sage Angirasa rushed to meet Hanuman and asked him to narrate the katha to him. Hanuman was only too glad to oblige. But he was on another mission so he asked the sage to travel with him and hear it at the same time. He also asked the sage to hear the tale with a peaceful and attentive mind. With this instruction, Hanuman started the narration while on the move.
Shukracharya, was in fact, more qualified than Brihaspati to be the guru of the devatas. However, he had the mind-set of demons. His attitude was more demonic than godly. He was proud and also full of anger. When denied the post he so badly wanted, he did not accept it easily. He was carried away by his desire to take revenge. The feeling of revenge was so powerful that he became the demon’s guru just to harass the demigods. And just like he was burning with the desire for revenge, he wanted Angirasa to bum in the fire of sin.
So it was alarming for him when Sage Angirasa began to hear the katha from Hanuman to atone for his sin. He did his best to stop him from hearing it. Every day, he created new demons and sent them to hamper the process, to prevent the sage from hearing the tale so he could suffer the reactions of his sin eternally.
The latest demon he created from his yagya kunda was the menacing Bhadrasura. He ordered him to kill the sage. Bhadrasura knew that the sage was immortal and killing him was next to impossible. Easier than killing would be to swallow him into his stomach where the fire of his digestion would slowly but surely bum him down. The huge fire in his stomach could not fail.
One day soon he succeeded in swallowing the sage, when the sage had retired for the day and was all alone. And as the demon had rightly anticipated, the sage started feeling his life force ebbing in the presence of the huge fire in his belly. Keeping calm, he prayed to Hanuman to rescue him; he had no other shelter other than Hanuman’s and he offered his heartfelt prayers to him.
Hanuman heard the prayers but he didn’t know from where it was coming. He searched for him but before he could do anything, Shukracharya sent a yakshini to bewilder him. The yakshini created an illusory garden from where Hanuman plucked some fruits. As soon as he plucked them, the garden changed. From a flourishing green vegetation, it became dry and yellow. The yakshini then told him to fetch water from a desert for the garden to flourish again.
The innocent Hanuman used his mystical powers to dig out water from a desert also. As he was going back, he met an old woman who was thirsty and asked him for water. Now Hanuman realized that something was fishy and he poured water from his pot but again he used his mystic energies so that the water kept flowing and did not get over.
Then he poured that water over the entire forest and the forest became a lively green hub again. But before he could leave, the yakshini told him join the fruits that he had plucked back to the branches he had plucked them from. Hanuman already knew by this time that the yakshini was preventing him from finding the sage.
So he told her to pick up the fruits and give them to him. As soon as she picked one, he made the fruit so heavy that it was unbearable. She found herself caving in with the huge weight. Realizing he was stronger than her, she asked for forgiveness and told him where he could find Sage Angirasa. “He has been swallowed by the demon Bhadrasura,” she said, leaking out this life saving information. Hanuman immediately located Bhadrasura and killed him with his mace. He then pulled out the sage from his stomach.
Angirasa was in a bad shape and Hanuman nurtured him back to health. Once the sage was strong enough, they resumed the katha so as to nullify the effects of the sin. At the end of the katha, the sage offered sanctified food to five brahmanas.
This was the last stage of the purification and Shukracharya knew he had to stop this from happening. Using his illusory power, he converted the sattvic food into tamsic food. When the brahmanas saw they had been served with animal flesh and stale foods, they lost their temper at the sage’s audacity. They cursed him to be afflicted by leprosy.
Once again, sage Angirasa turned towards Hanuman to rescue him from this calamity. Hanuman felt sorry for the sage because it was not his doing. Rather, Hanuman’s fury for Shukracharya grew manifold because of his endless atrocities.
Hanuman informed the brahamanas the truth behind the food turning tamsic. The brahmanas then repented cursing the exalted sage and told him to worship Suryadeva for undoing the curse. In this way, thanks to Hanuman’s interventions and timely actions, Sage Angirasa became robust and healthy once again.
All the saints and sages wisely turn to Hanuman when in difficulty because he is the only one who can rescue them. sadhu santa ke tuma rakhavare /asura nikandana One day Hanuman had a guest and it was none other than his music teacher and the great devotee Narada. When the two met, they had so many beautiful things to discuss. Hours passed as if they were just seconds. On this occasion, Narada had a very peculiar question to ask Hanuman.
Of the millions of great devotees of the Supreme Lord in the universe, he was really inquisitive to know who the greatest devotee was. To Hanuman that question was irrelevant as he always felt that there was no need to compare the greatness of devotees. Everyone was special in his or her own way. Plus each one had their unique relationship with God that would be so different from all others’.
Thus there was no common ground also to compare. But when Narada insisted that he really wanted to know the answer to his burning question, Hanuman said something that totally surprised Narada. Hanuman told him that instead of speculating and arguing about who the topmost devotee of the Lord was, it would be best to verify directly by going through Lord Rama’s diary. Hanuman explained that the diary contained the names of all the greatest devotees of the Lord from all over the universe.
Narada’s excitement knew no bounds when he heard about this fascinating diary. Though he knew the Lord so well, he didn’t know this facet of the Lord that he actually maintained a database of his great devotees in a diary. He ran at great speed in order to reach Lord Rama at the earliest. Though tired after running such a distance, Narada, without catching his breath, asked the Lord if he had a diary with the database of his greatest devotees.
Rama pointed in a particular direction without even looking. He seemed too preoccupied in something more important. Following the direction of Lord Rama’s hand, Narada saw a huge diary that was placed on an ornately carved table. He rushed towards it with great eagerness to immerse himself in that holy list of the greatest devotees in the universe.
With a small prayer on his lips, Narada opened the diary with the hope that he find his name there somehow. He got the greatest surprise of his life when he saw his name on the top of the list. He was thrilled. He carefully went through the whole list, immersing himself in the names of all the great devotees of the Lord, many of whom he had personal connect with. But though he scrutinized every page in that diary, he was surprised to find Hanuman’s name missing. How was that even possible? With mixed feelings he ran back to Hanuman.
He first thanked him for sharing with him the information of the existence of a diary with the names of the greatest devotees of the Lord. If it hadn’t been for Hanuman, he wouldn’t have ever known that he was listed as the topmost devotee in that list of devotees across the universe. Though he was happy that the Lord had recognized his devotion, he was at the same time sad that Hanuman’s name hadn’t featured in the entire list though he was such a wonderful devotee.
Narada expressed the same to Hanuman. As soon as he said this, Hanuman asked him a question that literally slipped the ground beneath Narada’s feet. With a sweet smile Hanuman asked him whether he had seen Lord Rama’s small diary. Now what was that? Was there another diary?
Without waiting for any more clarity, Narada ran back to Lord Rama’s palace. Barging in he asked Rama if he had another small diary. This time there was a distinct change in Lord Rama’s mood. He dropped everything he was doing and looked at Narada with great love.
His eyes seemed to moisten at the very remembrance of that small diary. Gracefully he removed that small diary from a pocket close to his heart and handed it over to Narada. Rama seemed to be lost in some special memories as he kept staring at the precious diary that was in Narada’s trembling hands now.
Narada opened it, as if he was opening a great treasure. If Rama kept this diary so close to his heart always, it simply meant that the contents of this diary were really special. As soon as he opened the diary, he got the biggest shock of his life to see the name of Hanuman as the first name in that list of names. The one whose name wasn’t even there in the big diary was the first name in the small diary.
Suddenly a thought hit him and he began to frantically study all the other names in the small diary only to discover, to his dismay, that his name didn’t feature in the small diary at all. What did all this mean? Some names are in the big diary and some names are in the small diary. Names that were in the big one were not in the small one and the names in the small one were not there in the big diary. With a disturbed mind, Narada inquired about the secret behind the two diaries.
Lord Rama explained to the great devotee Narada that the big diary contained the names of all those devotees who constantly remembered him and the small diary contained the names of all those devotees whom the Lord constantly remembered. Tears flowed incessantly from Narada’s eyes as he ran from Lord Rama’s abode to that of Hanuman’s and fell at his feet. Hanuman gently picked him and embraced him.
What was the need to know the name of the greatest devotee? Narada learnt from his student Hanuman that the need was to act in such an exemplary way that the Lord strives to remember you. Now Narada very well understood how dear Hanuman was to Lord Rama (rama dulare) and how much he had to work on himself to get into that small diary of Lord Rama’s. Hanuman is addressed as Shankar suvan, Kesari nandan, and also Pavan tanay. But after Hanuman returned from Lanka, he got one more identity – Rama called him his son.
Rama said, “Every son on the earth owes his parents a debt but you are the only son whose father owes you a debt. We attained you without any difficulties of raising you up. But you have gone through a lot of difficulties for us. You have reversed the norm of parent-child relationship. A father carries his son but you are a son who carried his father. You are my precious son.” That’s how much Hanuman meant to Rama. rama dulare.