Hanuman Chalisa Pdf is a timeless prayer that inspires unwavering faith in Lord Hanuman.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 39 in English with Meaning & Analysis
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 39 Title of the Poem
जो यह पढ़ै
हनुमान चालीसा ।
साखी गौरीसा ॥
Jo yeh padhe
these forty verses of Hanuman
Will achieve whatever he desires
a claim to which Gauri’s lord (Shiva) is witness
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 39 Meaning in English
This verse contains both the title of the poem, as well as the promise of the poem. Here, for the first time, we learn that this work is called Hanuman Chalisa. And we are being told the benefit of reading it. This is phala-stuti, chanting of benefits. If a Hindu ritual begins with sankalpa, sowing the seed of desire, it always ends with phala-stuti, enumerating the fruits that are promised by the enterprise. And the fruit being guaranteed is the achievement of any desire.
We may want a material desire to be fulfilled, such as the removal of problems, freedom from physical pain, success in an enterprise; or we may want occult help, like powers to control the world; or psychological help, such as contentment and freedom from fear; or we want spiritual success in the form of liberation from the cycle of rebirth. Whatever we desire, this verse guarantees that we will get it when we read the Hanuman Chalisa repeatedly.
What is curious is the word witness (sakshi). It is almost as if the poet is using the traditionally Abrahamic phrase, ‘As God is my witness!’ The idea of a witness turns the promise into an objective fact, not merely a subjective promise. The witness is Shiva, the husband of Gauri, who is a guileless hermit, who has no reason to bear false testimony. The chaupai thus amplifies the validity of this composition’s promise.
But there is another way to consider this witness. Who is the ultimate witness of the universe? In the Vedas, we come upon the line, ‘The bird who watches another bird eating the fruit!’ We are the bird eating the fruit, seeking fulfilment of our desires, and the bird watching us eat the fruit is Gauri’s lord, Shiva.
Shiva, the hermit form of God, is never hungry, while Vishnu, the householder form of God who manifests as Ram, enables the hungry bird – with the aid of Hanuman – to eat fruit. So while Hanuman enables us to achieve what we desire, the whole act is being watched by the atma within, Shiva, who desires nothing.
Perhaps one day, having achieved all that we desire, we will realize how desire never ends, and will see the futility of achievement, and so become witnesses ourselves of the world, and the hunger that motivates people to act and react, die and be reborn.
Hanuman Chalisa Chaupai 39 Analysis in English
jo yaha padhai hanumana challsal
hoya siddha sakhl gaunsa ||39||
Reading this Hanuman Chalisa
Gives mystical powers. Shiva,
the lord of Gauri bears witness to it. (39)
Satyavati, the queen of Kankhal, would be dead had it not been for Hanuman who saved her from committing suicide. Hanuman found her trying to drown in a river and stopped her from doing the abominable act. When he escorted her back home, he realized she was none other than the queen herself. Shocked, he asked her, “What is it that is lacking in your life that you took the extreme step of jumping into the river?” Hanuman was even a little bit angry at the bad example the queen was setting for the common people.
“No one can give me what I lack,” was her strange and sorrowful reply. “I want a child. I am not able to have a child. I have failed in giving the king a successor to continue his legacy. How can I face anyone?” And she burst into tears, despondent at still being alive.
Hanuman’s face softened. He felt sorry for her. King of Kankhal, King Narottam, and the Rajmata visited him and expressed their gratitude to Hanuman for saving the royal family from a tragedy. They also confided how unhappy they were at not having a child.
None of them had any purpose in life anymore. Hanuman could not bear to see their deep grief and promised to help them. Although he had never encountered a problem like this before, he knew he had to do something to help them. He could not simply walk away. He had never done that and he was not going to start now.
Hanuman decided to meditate on Matang rishi, who he believed had answers to all his questions. After an intense period of meditation, Matang rishi appeared. Hanuman paid his obeisance to him and came to the point. “I am sorry for calling out to you but the matter is urgent. King Narottam of Kankhal kingdom is unable to have a child.
Because of which the kingdom is in a crisis. Can you please suggest what can be done in this situation?”
“They cannot have a child,” announced the muni to Hanuman, “because of their past sinful karmas. Nothing can be done about it.”
“Is there not a single deed in their past karma that could save them now? Is there nothing they can do now?” Hanuman persisted. He would not let go so easily.
“Yes, there’s always something that can be done,” Matang muni smiled at Hanuman’s sincerity in spreading joy for others. “They must attempt to please their pitras or forefathers.”
Hanuman’s face brightened as the muni continued to give instructions, “If the pitras are pleased, they will be happy to take birth in the king’s dynasty.” The simple solution delighted Hanuman and he thanked the sage profusely before taking his leave. He hurried to convey the message to King I Narottam.
Meanwhile, unknown to all, Shukracharya was planning another attack on the demigods. He had interrupted a powerful demon named Davanal from his penance, to help him in his plan. Shukracharya excitedly told him his modus operandi for this attack.
“Davanal, this is a fool proof plan. I want you to go to Pitraloka and capture all the pitras along with Aryaman, their king. Once they are in our power, we will force them to take birth in demon families. In this way the quantitative strength of demons with multiply and our might will increase manifold. In this way we can overpower demigods.”
Davanal was amazed at the brilliant plan. There was only one doubt in his mind which Shukracharya immediately dispelled. “I will give you the power to enter Pitraloka.” Davanal beamed and prepared his army for the attack. While Shukracharya and Davanal were orchestrating the attack on Pitraloka, Hanuman was helping King Narottam in Pitra puja.
At the time of Pinda daan (charity to the body of the deceased), Hanuman evoked Goddess Swaddha, who is designated to accept the pinda on behalf of the pitras and bless them in return. She came to accept the charity but she informed Hanuman that the pitras had attained moksha and were on their way to a higher planet. None of them would want to come back and take birth on earth again.
Hanuman was once again in a lurch and again he sought Matang rishi for further guidance. Matang rishi advised Hanuman to go to Pitraloka to meet Aryaman and convince the king’s pitras to take birth from the womb of Satyavati. Hanuman abided by the instruction and reached Pitraloka.
There Aryaman revealed that he was helpless because the process worked on auto mode. “It is never my decision or the pitras’ decision where they will take birth. It is dependent on their past karmas and desires. Why don’t you ask the pitras where their future birth is?”
The pitras informed Hanuman that they have been liberated and couldn’t accede to his wish of taking birth again. But there’s one pitra who understood Hanuman’s keen and urgent desire to save King Narottam and agreed to change his path for him. While Hanuman was conversing with the pitras, Davanal was leading the demons in a battle against the demigods led by Indra. The demigods killed the demons but they couldn’t match Davanal’s powers.
Davanal alone conquered all the demigods and entered Pitraloka. When the pitras realized they had been attacked, they hid themselves inside a golden peepal tree. Davanal searched for them all over, even walked past the golden tree but could not find them. Just then, he heard a telepathic message from Shukracharya to uproot the golden tree and bring it back to him as all the pitras were inside that.
However, the pitra who had volunteered to go with Hanuman had already left with Hanuman and entered Satyavati’s womb making her pregnant. The remaining pitras were transported to the abode of demons where they were spell bound by Shukracharya to become motionless. He then performed a yagya so that the pitras could die and be ready to be born again as demons.
He forced Aryaman to instruct the pitras to take birth in demon wombs. For the second time Aryaman repeated the same words that he had said to Hanuman. “It is never my decision or the pitras’ decision where they will take birth. It is dependent on their past karmas and desires and not on brute force.”
But Shukracharya was adamant. “I will force them to take birth as per my wishes,” he boasted. Because of Shukracharya’s yagya, all pitras had died. And a consequence of this was that Satyavati too delivered a dead child. For the third time, Hanuman set out to find the cause behind this unexpected occurrence. His search led him to Shukracharya where he fought Davanal, killed him and warned Shukracharya to stay out of matters of Pitraloka.
After freeing the pitras, he consulted the demigods and with their approval they established a rule that nobody could bind spirits to take birth forcefully in any loka or species. The only criterion to take birth was past life activities and desires. The goddess of progeny was very thankful to Hanuman. In the presence of all demigods, she blessed him that those who glorify Hanuman will be blessed by siddhis. jo yaha padhai hanumana chattsa hoy a siddha sakhl gaurisa.